Auschwitz: The Nazi Concentration Camp
The Holocaust was a sad point is a sad point in the world’s history. Many millions of Jews were sent to concentration camps and brutally murdered there. Of the many concentration camps, a select few were very well know and feared. Auschwitz was just this. Because of the horrific lining conditions, forced labor, mass murdering, and other inhumane activities, Auschwitz was one of the most feared Nazi Concentration Camps of WW2.
Auschwitz is located in Oswiecim, Poland. The Concentration Camp was opened in May, 1940, under the Commander Rudolf Hoss. The town of Oswiecim was very important because it was in the middle of the center cross roads for many Polish cities. This was crucial for Auschwitz because many prisoners were “shipped” there.
One thing that Auschwitz was known for was the labor work. A sign hung above the gate at Auschwitz saying “ Arbeit Machet Frei.” This is translated as “Work will give you freedom”; however, this gave false hope to the workers. Work only let one escape death for a couple of weeks or months. In reality, death was the only escape to the Prisoner’s lives. Workers were subjected to four hour role calls in any sort of weather, more than once a day, and had full 12-hour work days. Prisoners had to work through heat, snow, rain, and every other sort of weather.
The Prisoner’s living conditions weren’t any better. Prisoners were given thin, loose, rags to wear. The barracks they lived in were modeled after horse stables. Usually, there were 800-1,000 prisoners in each row of barracks. The prisoners slept ten to a bed sleeping sideways; mice, rats, lice, and other creatures and bed bugs shared their beds. The plumbing, if they had any, was horrible. The prisoners were only allowed to use the bathroom for ten seconds, while being monitored, otherwise, the prisoners used buckets. Letters were sent to loved ones saying “We have work and are well treated, we await your arrival.” In reality, they were treated worse than animals.
The whole camp, plus two other camps nearby, covered 40 square kilometers of ground, with an additional five kilometers for isolation. Escape was impossible. SS guards carried guns and used guard dogs, electrical barbed wire and look-out towers covered the whole camp.
While at Auschwitz, prisoners were subjected to medical experiments. One infamous doctor was nicknamed the “Angel of Death.” He, Dr. Mengele, was known for studying twins and doing experimental surgery, or inquiry surgery. He would keep one twin as a control, while the other twin was experimented with.
Most patients didn’t survive, and when they did, they were affected by the surgery. Some were paralyzed while others were missing limbs and organs. “Patients” were subjected to experiments such as drug, injections, pressure chambers, exposed to disease underwent sex changes frozen to death, and much more traumas. These so called “Doctors” tested patients without knowing what would happen to them.
Hundreds of thousands of Jews and other people groups were murdered; however, when a single operation was carried out, millions more would eventually die. This operation was called the “Final Solution.” This was the massive extermination of Jews with poisonous gas in chambers disguised as bath houses.
Deception was running all through the operation. Prisoners would undress and be told they were going to take a bath. With this, some were even given soap; however, when they entered the “bath houses,” they would die.
At the end of WW2, millions had died while in the concentration camps. Auschwitz alone was responsible for 1.5 million to 3 million deaths. On January 22, 1945, the Nazi Concentration Camp, Auschwitz, was liberated by the Soviets. This was a miracle.
For five years, Nazi SS Soldiers were allowed to terrorize and kill millions of people, and for five years, Auschwitz and the inhumane practices, living conditions, mass murdering, and more terrorized innocent people.